Botany is a fascinating subject that deals with the study of plants’ physiology, their morphological structures, and their life cycle. Similar to the subject of Zoology, Botany also offers limited career scopes, but these career scopes are considered extremely important in their own right. The student who wants to study and pursue botany as a career option must represent a particular fondness and love for a plant. Moreover, the career related to botany can involve Horticulture, Agriculture, Field of medicine etc.

The paper pattern of the 1st year botany is similar to 1st year Zoology. Students have to study in order to secure good marks. Moreover, the minimum passing marks are 22 out of 50.



Subject name Botany
Class XI/1st year
Board Sindh board
Subject Affiliation Pre-Medical
Book Chapters Count 13
Subject Type Compulsory
Paper Type Subjective, Objective And Practical
Marks scheme Total= 50

  • Subjective=33
  • Objective=09
  • practical= 08
Minimum Passing Marks 22.5/50
Subject features Online recorded lectures, virtual lab simulations, online assessments, notes, mcqs and games..

1.1 Biology and Its Major Fields
1.2 Level of Biological Organization
1.3 Biological Methods
1.4 Applications of Biology for The Welfare
1.5 Concepts of Biological Control and Integrated Disease Management

2.1 Introduction to Biochemistry
2.2 Water
2.3 Organic Molecules
2.4 Carbon
2.5 Conjugated Molecules

3.1 Energy of Activation
3.2 Characteristics of Enzymes
3.3 Types of Enzymes
3.4 Factors Affecting Enzyme Activity

4.1 Cell as Basic Unit of Life
4.2 Eukaryotic Cells
4.3 Nucleus
4.4 Cytoplasmic Organelles and Membrane System

5.1 Classification
5.2 Viruses

6.1 Bacteria
6.2 Importance and Control
6.3 Immunization and Vaccination
6.4 Uses and Misuse of Antibiotics
6.5 Cyanobacteria

7.1 Protista
7.2 Main Groups of Protists

8.1 The Body of Fungus
8.2 Classification of Fungi
8.3 Land Adaptation of Fungi
8.4 Economic Importance

9.1 Classification of Plants
9.2 Bryophytes
9.3 Adaption to Land Habitat
9.4 Classification
9.5 Psilopsida
9.6 Evolution of Leaf
9.7 Lycopsida
9.8 Sphenosida
9.9 Pteropsida
9.10 Evolution of Seed Habit

10.1 Animal Classification
10.2 Phylum Porifera
10.3 Phylum Cnidaria
10.4 Phylum Platyhelminthes
10.5 Phylum Nemathelminthes
10.6 Phylum Annelida
10.7 Phylum Mollusca
10.8 Phylum Arthropoda
10.9 Phylum Echinodermata
10.10 Phylum Chordata

11.1 Need for Energy in Living Organisms
11.2 Photosynthesis
11.3 Process of Photosynthesis
11.4 Cellular Respiration
11.5 Energy Flow through the Ecosystem

12.1 Introduction
12.2 Autotrophic and Heterotrophic Nutrition
12.3 Autotrophic Nutrition
12.4 Mineral Nutrition in Plant
12.5 Heterotrophic and Special Mode of Nutrition in Plants
12.6 Heterotrophic Nutrition in Animals
12.7 Holozoic Nutrition
12.8 Digestion and Absorption
12.9 Nutrition in Amoeba, Hydra, Planaria and Cockroach
12.10 Human Digestive System
12.11 Disorders of the Gastro-Intestinal Track
12.12 Parasitic Nutrition

13 Introduction
13.1 Respiratory Media
13.2 Gaseous Exchange in Plants
13.3 Gaseous Exchange in Animals
13.4 Respiratory System of Man
13.5 Breathing in Man
13.6 Transport of Gases in Man

14.1 Introduction
14.2 Transport in Plants
14.3 Uptake and Transport of Water and Miner
14.4 Water and Minerals Uptake by Root
14.5 Ascent of Sap
14.6 Transpiration
14.7 Translocation of Organic Solutes
14.8 Transport in Animals
14.9 Circulatory System
14.10 Transport in Man
14.11 Human Heart
14.12 Blood Vessels
14.13 Lymphatic System
14.14 Cardiovascular Disorders
14.15 The Immunity System


Interactive 3D Simulations to help you build concepts fast.


Quizzes and assignments to prepare you for exams along the way.


Powerful teaching techniques help you digest information easily.


Front board technique to keep you more engaged with an instructor.


Ask questions in comments when in doubt and get answers quickly.


Better learning experience than a crowded classroom in half of a fee.

Ms. Ramsha

Botany – XI First Year Sindh Board

Miss Ramsha is certainly a prodigy of botany subject. She commands and teaches this complex subject with great panache and confidence. She bends the concepts of botany to her will and imparts that knowledge to her students in the simplest possible ways. She also has amazing command over her hands as this can be observed from her clear hand-drawn labeled diagrams. All of these amazing qualities increase the students learning experience by 10 folds; resulting in the better grasp of concepts and ideas.

Miss Ramsha is an MBBS from Jinnah Sindh Medical University. Students can find her lectures exclusively at with the help of online recorded lectures, animations and online assessments.


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Course Curriculum

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  • 6004,590
  • 300 Days

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