Botany is an important subject primarily because it is the scientific study of plants, which are in turn used in many aspects of human life. It is an important field of science that is very much related to plants. It includes the scientific study of the physiology, structure, genetics, ecology, distribution, classification, and economic importance of plants. Moreover, it is also the plant life of a particular region, habitat, or geological period. Botany is not only important as a subject of study but also spawns multiple elite professions and fields. Success in these professions and field can create researches worth millions of dollars.
The point of all this rambling is that students should never underestimate this subject. Second Year/2nd year Botany consists of 13 chapters and students have to study and learn all these chapters in order to achieve success in this majestical subject.
|Book Chapters Count||13|
|Paper Type||Subjective, Objective And Practical|
|Marks scheme||Total= 50
|Minimum passing marks||22.5/50|
|Subject features||Online recorded lectures, virtual lab simulations, online assessments, notes, mcqs and games.|
|1.1||Homeostasis and Its Various Aspects|
|1.5||Thermoregulation in Mammals|
|2.1||Support in Plants|
|2.2||Movements in Plants|
|2.3||Role of Growth Substance in Plant Movement|
|2.4||Support and Locomotion in Animals|
|3.1||Coordination in Plants|
|3.3||Coordination and Control in Animals|
|3.5||Evolution of Nervous System|
|3.6||Human Nervous System|
|4.1||Reproduction in Plants (Asexual Reproduction)|
|4.4||Alternation of Generation|
|4.6||Transition to Flowering Stages|
|4.9||Reproduction in Animals (Asexual Reproduction)|
|4.11||Reproductive Organs of a Human Male|
|4.12||Reproductive Organs of a Human Female|
|4.13||Female Reproductive Cycle|
|4.14||Hormonal Control of Reproductive Cycles|
|4.15||Conception and Pregnancy|
|4.17||Test Tube Babies|
|4.18||Sexually Transmitted Diseases|
|5.1||Growth and Development in Plants|
|5.2||Condition of Growth|
|5.4||Growth and Development in Animals|
|5.5||Cell Differentiation and Its Mechanism|
|5.6||Role of Nucleus in Development|
|5.7||Role of Cytoplasm in Development|
|6.1||Types of Chromosomes|
|6.2||Chemical Composition of Chromosomes|
|6.3||Chromosomes as a Carriers of Genes|
|6.4||The Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance|
|6.5||Gene -The Unit of Hereditary Information|
|8.1||Genes and Alleles|
|8.2||Review of Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance|
|8.3||Incomplete Dominance and Codominance|
|8.5||Linkage and Crossing Over|
|8.6||Sex Determination and Sex Linkage|
|10.1||Theories of Evolution|
|10.2||Evidences in Favour of Organic Evolution|
|10.3||Importance of Natural Selection as a Possible Mechanism for Evolution|
|10.4||Artificial Selection and Its Role|
|10.5||Gene Frequencies and Their Role in Evolution|
|11.1||Levels of Organisation|
|11.2||Approaches of Ecology|
|11.5||Interdependence of Organisms and Their Significance|
|12.1||Life in Fresh Water|
|12.2||Life in Marine Water|
|12.4||Man’s Role in Ecosystem|
|13.1||Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources|
|13.3||Man’s Impact on Environment|
|13.4||Effects on Agriculture|
|13.5||Deforestation And Afforestation|
|13.8||Protection and Conservation of Environment|
|13.9||Conservation of Organism and Their Habitat|
|13.10||Health and Diseases|
Interactive 3D Simulations to help you build concepts fast.
Quizzes and assignments to prepare you for exams along the way.
Powerful teaching techniques help you digest information easily.
Front board technique to keep you more engaged with an instructor.
Ask questions in comments when in doubt and get answers quickly.
Better learning experience than a crowded classroom in half of a fee.
Botany – XII Second Year Sindh Board
Miss Ramsha is certainly a prodigy of botany subject. She commands and teaches this complex subject with great panache and confidence. She bends the concepts of botany to her will and imparts that knowledge to her students in the simplest possible ways. She also has amazing command over her hands as this can be observed from her clear labeled diagrams. All of these amazing qualities increase the students learning experience by 10 folds; resulting in the better grasp of concepts and ideas.
Miss Ramsha is an MBBS from Jinnah Sindh Medical University. Students can find her lectures exclusively at MyInterAcademy.com with the help of online recorded lectures, animations and online assessments.