Physics is an exciting intellectual adventure that inspires young people to learn about Nature and its laws. It expands the frontiers of knowledge and helps motivate learners to do research about the universe. The scope of physics is never limited as it plays a vital part in the education of chemists, engineers, and computer scientists, as well as in the practitioners of the other physical and biomedical sciences. Due to its concrete presence and influence, our educational system has made it an important subject for the Science faculty students of BIE Sindh.

The paper pattern of BIE Sindh 2nd year is similar to its first-year counterpart, with 100 marks being divided into 3 parts respectively: subjective (68 marks), objective (17 marks) and practical examination (15 marks). the following course is 10 chapters moreover it also provides students with animations, simulation, mcqs, and online recorded lectures.  

Physics – XII Second Year – Sindh Board


Subject name Physics
Class XII-Pre-engineering
Board Sindh board
Subject Affiliation
  • Pre-engineering
  • Pre-medical
  • ICS
Book Chapters Count 10
Subject Type Compulsory
Paper Type Subjective, Objective And Practical
Marks scheme Total= 100

  • Subjective=68
  • Objective=17
  • Practical= 15
Minimum passing marks 33.5/100
Subject features Online recorded lecture, virtual lab simulations, online assessments and games.

11.1 Heat as a Form of Energy in Transit
11.2 Temperature
11.3 Scales of Temperature
11.4 Themometric Properties
11.5 Thermal Expansion
11.6 Volume Expansion
11.7 Bimetallic Thermostat
11.8 Gas Laws
11.9 General Gas Law
11.10 The Properties of Gases: Kinetic Interpretation
11.11 Interpretation of Pressure on Kinetic Theory of Gases
11.12 Derivation of The Gas Laws
11.13 Specific Heat Capacity
11.14 Determination of The Specific Heat Capacity
11.15 Molar Specific Heat
11.16 Heat and Work in Thermodynamics
11.17 The First Law of Thermodynamics
11.18 Special Cases
11.19 Applications of First Law of Thermodynamics
11.20 Derivation of Cp?Cv=R
11.21 The Second Law of Thermodynamics
11.22 The Carnot Engine
11.23 Entropy and The Second Law of Thermodynamics

12.1 Electrostatics
12.2 Coulomb’s Law
12.3 Electric Field
12.4 Electric Lines of Force
12.5 Electric Flux and Field Intensity
12.6 Gauss’s Law
12.7 Applications of Gauss’s Law
12.8 Electric Potential
12.9 Absolute Potential at a Point
12.10 Electric Potential Near an Isolated Point Charge
12.11 Relation Between Electric Field and Potential
12.12 Electron Volt
12.13 Equipotential Surfaces
12.14 Capacitance and Capacitors
12.15 Parallel Plate Capacitor
12.16 Combinations of Capacitor
12.17 Different Types of Capacitors

13.1 Electric Current
13.2 Direction of a Current
13.3 Electric Resistance and Ohm’s Law
13.4 Resistivity
13.5 Combination of Resistors
13.6 Power Dissipation in Resistors
13.7 Electromotive Force

14.1 Magnetic Field Due to Current
14.2 Force on a Current Carrying Conductor in a Uniform Magnetic Field
14.3 Torque on a Current-Carrying Rectangular Loop Placed in a Magnetic Field
14.4 Magnetic Flux and Flux Density
14.5 Force on a Charged Particle Moving in a Magnetic Field
14.6 Ampere’s Law
14.7 Electromagnetic Induction
14.8 Lenz’s Law
14.9 (a) Self Induction
(b) Mutual Induction
(c) Non Inductive Winding
14.10 Alternating Current Generator (Dynamo)
14.11 D.C. Generator
14.12 Electric Motor
14.13 Transformer

15.1 Introduction
15.2 The Moving Coil Galvanometer
15.3 Ammeter and Voltmeter
15.4 Wheatstone Bridge
15.5 Meter Bridge
15.6 Post Office Box ( P.O. Box )
15.7 The Ohmmeter
15.8 Potentiometer

16 Electromagnetic Waves
16.1 Production of Electromagnetic Waves
16.2 Information Carried by Electromagnetic
16.3 The Band Theory of Solids
16.4 Semi-Conductors
16.5 Preparation of Semi-Conductors
16.6 Crystallography
16.7 Crystal Lattice and Unit Cell
16.8 The p-n Junction or Semi Conductor Diode
16.9 Biasing
16.10 Semi Conductor Diode (Crystal) Rectifiers
16.11 Photodiodes
16.12 Light Emitting Diode (LED)
16.13 Solar Cell
16.14 Transistor
16.15 Transistor Operation
16.16 Transistor Characteristics
16.17 Transistor as an Amplifier

17.1 Frames of Reference
17.2 Inertial Reference Frame
17.3 Frames of Reference in Uniform Relative
17.4 The Principle of Relativity
17.5 Postulates of Special Theory of Relativity
17.5 Postulates of Special Theory of Relativity
17.6 Consequences of Special Theory of Relativity
17.7 Black Body Radiation and Quantum Theory
17.8 Planck’s Law – Quantum Theory
17.9 The Photon
17.10 The Photo Electric Effect
17.11 Einstein’s Explanation of Photo Electric Effect on The Basis of Quantum Theory
17.12 Photo Cell and Their Uses
17.13 The Compton Effect
17.14 Pair Production and Annhilation of Matter
17.15 The Wave Nature of Particles and De – Broglie Hypothesis
17.16 The Davisson and Germer Experiment
17.17 Wave Particle Duality
17.18 The Uncertainty Principle

18.1 The Spectrum of Hydrogen Atom
18.2 Bohr’s Model of The Hydrogen Atom
18.3 Excitation and Ionization Potential
18.4 X-Ray Spectra
18.5 X-Ray Contnious Spectra
18.6 Introduction to Lasers
18.7 The Laser Principle
18.8 Operation of Ruby Laser
18.9 Applications of Laser

19.1 Introduction
19.2 Nuclear Structure
19.3 Isotopes
19.4 Radio Activity and Nuclear Changes
19.5 The Disintegration of Radio Active Elements
19.6 The Law of Radio Active Decay
19.7 The Half Period or Half Life of The Radio Active Nuclide
19.8 Nuclear Changes and The Conservation Laws
19.9 Mass Energy Relation and The Mass Defect
19.10 Mass Defect and Binding Energy
19.11 Nuclear Reactions
19.12 Nuclear Fission
19.13 Nuclear Fusion
19.14 Nuclear Reactors
19.15 Breeder Reactor

20.1 Interaction of Nuclear Radiations With Matter
20.2 Wilson Cloud Chamber
20.3 Geiger Counter
20.4 Solid State Detectors
20.5 Radiation Exposure
20.6 Radiation Damage
20.7 Effect of Radiation Damage
20.8 Biological and Medical Uses of Radiation
20.9 Radiation Techniques in Other Fields


Interactive 3D Simulations to help you build concepts fast.


Quizzes and assignments to prepare you for exams along the way.


Powerful teaching techniques help you digest information easily.


Front board technique to keep you more engaged with an instructor.


Ask questions in comments when in doubt and get answers quickly.


Better learning experience than a crowded classroom in half of a fee.

Physics – XII Second Year – Sindh Board


Sir. Mujtaba

Physics – XII Second Year Sindh Board

Sir Muhammad Mujtaba is a productive part of, he is the herald of Physical knowledge for the students of physics, Sir Muhammad Mujtaba boasts a B.I.E.M degree from an outstanding NED university which is the proof of his skills and knowledge in physics subject. Sir Muhammad Mujtaba’s teaching style is outstanding, he expertly grabs the students’ attention by combining elements of and knowledge with his fun and easygoing attitude, this methodology of his is reflected in all his lectures.

Students can follow Sir Muhammad Mujtaba at with help of recorded lectures, animation and online assessment.


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