Zoology is the study of animals, their communities and how they interact with the ecosystem. It provides insight into how life works, and, consequently, how their bodywork. The higher mammals provide, especially useful, insight into the human world. Many Zoologists are directly involved with the conservation of threatened or endangered species; the maintenance of biodiversity is considered by many to be crucial to our survival. Animals also have a great impact on our lives; they provide us with food and companionship, and with a sense of wonder. Hence, those students who are aspiring to become professional doctors, zoologist or they are trying to become a part of any other medical field, are required to study this subject. Fsc XII/2nd year  Zoology contains only 13 chapters while the paper pattern is similar to Botany paper. 

Zoology – XII Second Year – Sindh Board


Subject name Zoology
Class XII/2nd year
Board Sindh board
Subject Affiliation Pre-Medical
Book Chapters Count 13
Subject Type Compulsory
Paper Type Subjective, Objective And Practical
Marks scheme Total= 50

  • Subjective=33
  • Objective=09
  • practical=08
Minimum passing marks 22.5/50
Subject features Online recorded lectures, virtual lab simulations, online assessments, notes, mcqs, and games.

1.1 Homeostasis and Its Various Aspects
1.2 Osmoregulation
1.3 Excretion
1.4 Thermoregulation
1.5 Thermoregulation in Mammals

2.1 Support in Plants
2.2 Movements in Plants
2.3 Role of Growth Substance in Plant Movement
2.4 Support and Locomotion in Animals
2.5 Skeletal System
2.6 Muscular System
2.7 Locomotion

3.1 Coordination in Plants
3.2 Plant Hormones
3.3 Coordination and Control in Animals
3.4 Nerve Impulse
3.5 Evolution of Nervous System
3.6 Human Nervous System
3.7 Chemical Coordination
3.8 Animal Behaviour

4.1 Reproduction in Plants (Asexual Reproduction)
4.2 Sexual Reproduction
4.3 Inflorescence
4.4 Alternation of Generation
4.5 Seed Dormancy
4.6 Transition to Flowering Stages
4.7 Vernalisation
4.8 Photoperiodism
4.9 Reproduction in Animals (Asexual Reproduction)
4.10 Sexual Reproduction
4.11 Reproductive Organs of a Human Male
4.12 Reproductive Organs of a Human Female
4.13 Female Reproductive Cycle
4.14 Hormonal Control of Reproductive Cycles
4.15 Conception and Pregnancy
4.16 Birth
4.17 Test Tube Babies
4.18 Sexually Transmitted Diseases

5.1 Growth and Development in Plants
5.2 Condition of Growth
5.3 Growth Correlations
5.4 Growth and Development in Animals
5.5 Cell Differentiation and Its Mechanism
5.6 Role of Nucleus in Development
5.7 Role of Cytoplasm in Development
5.8 Aging
5.9 Regeneration
5.10 Abnormal Development

6.1 Types of Chromosomes
6.2 Chemical Composition of Chromosomes
6.3 Chromosomes as a Carriers of Genes
6.4 The Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance
6.5 Gene -The Unit of Hereditary Information
6.6 Mutation

7.1 Cell Cycle
7.2 Mitosis
7.3 Meiosis

8.1 Genes and Alleles
8.2 Review of Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance
8.3 Incomplete Dominance and Codominance
8.4 Multiple Alleles
8.5 Linkage and Crossing Over
8.6 Sex Determination and Sex Linkage
8.7 Diabetes Mellitus

9.1 Genetic Engineering
9.2 Tissue Culture

10.1 Theories of Evolution
10.2 Evidences in Favour of Organic Evolution
10.3 Importance of Natural Selection as a Possible Mechanism for Evolution
10.4 Artificial Selection and Its Role
10.5 Gene Frequencies and Their Role in Evolution
10.6 Endangered Species

11.1 Levels of Organisation
11.2 Approaches of Ecology
11.3 The Ecosystem
11.4 Biogeochemical Cycles
11.5 Interdependence of Organisms and Their Significance
11.6 Ecological Succession

12.1 Life in Fresh Water
12.2 Life in Marine Water
12.3 Terrestrial Ecosystem
12.4 Man’s Role in Ecosystem

13.1 Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources
13.2 Energy Conservation
13.3 Man’s Impact on Enviroment
13.4 Effects on Agriculture
13.5 Deforestration And Afforestration
13.6 Pollution
13.7 Non-Material Pollution
13.8 Protection and Conservation of Enviroment
13.9 Conservation of Organism and Their Habitat
13.10 Health and Diseases


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Zoology – XII Second Year – Sindh Board

Ms. Kainat

Zoology – XII Second Year Sindh Board

Miss Kainat is certainly a first-class biology teacher, her contributions to MyInterAcademy.com are considered unparalleled. Her knowledgeable prowess can clearly be understood by her alma mater, as she has managed to acquire an M.B.B.S title from inestimable Sindh Medical College. Miss Kainat’s top-notch teaching abilities can certainly be deciphered through her cherry blossom teaching with beautifully detailed diagrams and colorful stylish handwriting can easily captivate the hearts of students of all levels, Miss Kainat’s lectures are easy to understand as her sentences and topics are to the point with non-existing loopholes.

Students can easily follow Miss Kainat and acquire an affordable, easily accessible, high-quality education with facilities such beautifully crafted animations, online recorded lectures and online assessments.


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  • 300 Days

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